Tirta Empul Temple is located in the upstream of Pakerisan River, Manukaya Village, Tampaksiring, Gianyar which is famous for its holy water where Balinese Hindus seek purification. Tirta Empul Temple is one of the important temples in Bali which is used by Hindus for ceremonial processes of purification such as melasti and melukat, not infrequently the tourists who visit are also interested in joining the purification in the pool. Tirta Empul water flows into the Pakerisan river. Along the river, there are several ancient relics. The establishment of this temple is estimated to be in 960 A.D. in the era of King Chandra Bhayasingha from Warmadewa Dynasty
After centuries later, the spring was transformed into a bathhouse in 962 AD by King Sri Candrabhayasingha Warmadewa. Tirta Empul was built with Hindu temple-style architecture. Each building has its own function.
On the west side of Tirta Empul there is a lush green hill adjacent to the Tampaksiring National Palace which was built during the reign of President Soekarno. The temple is divided into 3 parts, namely Jaba Pura (front page), Jaba Tengah (middle page) and Jeroan (inner page).
In the middle of Tirta Empul, there is a spring that comes from the ground which is then channeled into a shower. The water shower is divided into 3 swimming pools. The westernmost pool has 13 showers, the middle pool has 2 water showers and the easternmost pool has 6 showers.
In addition, Tirta Empul also stands for modern buildings. In the western part of Tirta Empul, there is a building with a fish pond, a canteen and a Balinese souvenir stall. Meanwhile, on the east side of Tirta Empul, stands a wantilan, where lockers, toilets and changing rooms are rented.
It is told in Lontar Usana Bali that Tirta Empul or Tirta Ri Air Hampul was created by Bhatara Indra where at that time King Mayadenawa Bedahulu who was very powerful and had the ability to disappear had acted arbitrarily and did not allow people to carry out religious ceremonies to ask the salvation of the gods . After the deed was known by the gods, the gods headed by Bhatara Indra attacked Mayadenawa in an area (the village looks siring now). A battle ensued which caused Mayanadenawa and his troops to be pushed back, then they walked with their feet tilted, therefore, the area where the battle was then called Tampaksiring. In a state of urgency, Mayanadenawa created a poisonous spring (Yeh Cetik) to destroy Bhatara Indra's troops. It turned out that his tactic was successful, because of exhaustion due to constant fighting, finally many of Bhatara Indra's troops drank Yeh Cetik. To deal with the problem, Bhatara Indra then stuck a weapon in the form of banners into the ground. Instantly a spring appeared up from the stab of the kings of heaven's weapon. After drinking the spring, Bhatara Indra's troops were able to recover as usual. Centuries later the spring was designed and refined into a water park by king Indrajaya Sigha Warmadewa in 882 çaka and named it "Tirta Ri Air Hampul" or "Tirta Empul" which means steaming Pathirtaan.